class discussion

Read the 2 discussions and answers them separatelly three pages for each discussion( only use the sources that I have posted)
Discussion#1
Choose one question.
1. Use the Eightfold Path and provide an analysis of the Flint, Michigan water pollution issue. You may use all previous articles as sources of information.
2. Discuss how the Flint, Michigan situation fits into the US Environmental Policy discussion in Chapter 11 of Furlong. Provide an analysis of the case using the material in the PowerPoint provided.
We will examine the following and you will write up the answer as an Question #5 for this course:
The Flint Water System was found to be toxic so the main water source reverted to the Detroit system, not the Flint River. After the switch, the water needed to be retested. Read the following and determine:
What is the research question?
What are the variables?
What is the research design?
What was the sampling process?
How was the data collected?
How was the data analyzed?
Why or why not was this effective? What did the results show?
Fivethirtyeight.com What went wrong in Flint?

Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children Associated with the Flint Drinking Water Crisis
http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/pdf/10.2105/AJPH.2015.303003
We helped uncover a public health crisis in Flint, but learned there are costs to doing good science
http://theconversation.com/we-helped-uncover-a-public-health-crisis-in-flint-but-learned-there-are-costs-to-doing-good-science-54227
Moving Forward After Flint
http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/2016/3/moving-forward-after-flint
Informal and Formal Rulemaking
http://www.wise-intern.org/orientation/documents/crsrulemakingcb.pdf
Flint + Bureaucracy
https://psmag.com/the-bureaucratic-malfeasance-that-created-flint-and-sebring-s-water-crises-3cc6823f3b12#.gkk4lwwru
Atlantic article
http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2016/04/flint-water-lead-criminal-charges/479127/
NPR — Bureaucrcy
http://michiganradio.org/post/snyder-charges-show-bureaucrats-blame-flint-water-crisis#stream/0
Outrage over Flint
http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.callutheran.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=af3544a2-457a-4ca7-90f9-5efe48d30d66%40sessionmgr4001&vid=86&hid=4114
Safe Drinking Water Act
https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-04/documents/epa816f04030.pdf
EPA and Water Safely
https://www.epa.gov/lead/enforcing-lead-laws-and-regulations
Administrative Law
Origins of the EPA
https://archive.epa.gov/epa/aboutepa/epas-origins-duties-transferred-epa-other-federal-agencies.html
Enabling Act of the EPA
https://archive.epa.gov/epa/aboutepa/epa-order-11102-initial-organization-epa.html
Creating Public Value
https://www.hks.harvard.edu/m-rcbg/CSRI/publications/workingpaper_3_moore_khagram.pdf
Congressional Record Safe Drinking Water Act
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL31243.pdf
Lobby assessment of Safe Drinking Water Act
http://lobby.la.psu.edu/015_Disinfectant_Byproducts/Congressional_Statements/House/H_Waxman_Safe_Drinking_Water.htm
Washington Post – Anti-Flint
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/one-citys-solution-to-drinking-water-contamination-get-rid-of-every-lead-pipe/2016/05/10/480cd842-0814-11e6-bdcb-0133da18418d_story.html
Research about Flint from Virginia Tech
http://flintwaterstudy.org
Plumbing Research
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/authors?id=10.
Flint Water Research
http://flintwaterstudy.org/page/3/
State allows lawsuit to stand
http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/michigan/flint-water-crisis/2016/10/27/flint-water-crisis/92839776/
Flint Residents Must Begin Paying for Water
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/02/28/flint-residents-must-start-paying-for-water-they-still-cant-drink-without-a-filter/?utm_term=.795d522b3

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